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Kumbakonam popularly known as “TEMPLE TOWN” which is enclaved with many “SAIVA” and “VAISHNAVA” Temples and encircled with “NAVAGRAHA” temples is not only famous for its Legendary Reputation, but also for its unique Traditional Traders on Bronze Icons i.e., moulded Idols: Brass utensils, Stainless steel articles, Lead utensils, Pooja articles and on Pure Silk Sarees as analysed below categorically.

ART & CRAFTS
The Production of cloth with design (ther selai) is a traditional one at Kumbakoam. This arduous nature of processing work handled by the extraordinary skill of the inherited traditional Artisans who are specialized in this kind of work i.e., Craftsmanship following Ahama Rules & with utmost care and Devotion moreover the speciality of the clay of the Cauveri Delta which is found to be very suitable for the moulding of these type of works., the basic procees of the these making, is also a Boon for the development of this trade in this area. Besides local marketing, this trade fetches some Foreign Exchange also on its trade of Export to other countries

Kumbakonam ther (Car Festival) Designing and Temple Decorating Arts

A temple festival was made success by the qunique cooperation of the various artists, from the drama arts. Folk Dances to Flower Ornaments makers. Indeed, the Festivals were made success by the “Thombai” Makers only. Because they are the people who gives fine background to the celebraters.  “Thombai” is a cloth Piller which has been hanged in the Temple Car. This kind of Thombai has been seen in Chennai “Valluvar Kottam”. Apart from Thombai Vasal Malai, Silk Umbrella, Pavatta Pannangu, Radha Melkatti, Surutti, Alavattam, Patukkudai(Umbralla), Poochakarakudai, Pandal Mugappu and so on  are the famous decorative items.

They are using best quality cotton cloth. First they drew designs like flowers, Elephant, Swan and other temple related items. Then they will cut them. And will be pasted in another colour cloth. Different coloured cloth have been used for Bridge work. Then Catton rings has been inserted at this top. If the lights inside it will look bright.  For Temple Umbrella uses, they used to make in velvet cloths, good quality cotton were used, and this type of umbrella can be folded like ordinary umbrella. On those days silver Jarigai has been used in this type of work. 

Decorative Artistic works have been engaged by Thiru Saminatha Pillai and his sons at Nageswaran North Street, Kumbakonam from their past 4 generations. His artistic works occupied a remarkable place not only in India but also in many parts of foreign countries.

Kumbakonam popularly known as “TEMPLE TOWN” which is enclaved with many “SAIVA” and “VAISHNAVA” Temples and encircled with “NAVAGRAHA” temples is not only famous for its Legendary Reputation, but also for its unique Traditional Traders on Bronze Icons i.e., moulded Idols: Brass utensils, Stainless steel articles, Lead utensils, Pooja articles and on Pure Silk Sarees as analysed below categorically.

ART & CRAFTS
The Production of cloth with design (ther selai) is a traditional one at Kumbakoam. This arduous nature of processing work handled by the extraordinary skill of the inherited traditional Artisans who are specialized in this kind of work i.e., Craftsmanship following Ahama Rules & with utmost care and Devotion moreover the speciality of the clay of the Cauveri Delta which is found to be very suitable for the moulding of these type of works., the basic procees of the these making, is also a Boon for the development of this trade in this area. Besides local marketing, this trade fetches some Foreign Exchange also on its trade of Export to other countries

Kumbakonam ther (Car Festival) Designing and Temple Decorating Arts

A temple festival was made success by the qunique cooperation of the various artists, from the drama arts. Folk Dances to Flower Ornaments makers. Indeed, the Festivals were made success by the “Thombai” Makers only. Because they are the people who gives fine background to the celebraters.  “Thombai” is a cloth Piller which has been hanged in the Temple Car. This kind of Thombai has been seen in Chennai “Valluvar Kottam”. Apart from Thombai Vasal Malai, Silk Umbrella, Pavatta Pannangu, Radha Melkatti, Surutti, Alavattam, Patukkudai(Umbralla), Poochakarakudai, Pandal Mugappu and so on  are the famous decorative items.

They are using best quality cotton cloth. First they drew designs like flowers, Elephant, Swan and other temple related items. Then they will cut them. And will be pasted in another colour cloth. Different coloured cloth have been used for Bridge work. Then Catton rings has been inserted at this top. If the lights inside it will look bright.  For Temple Umbrella uses, they used to make in velvet cloths, good quality cotton were used, and this type of umbrella can be folded like ordinary umbrella. On those days silver Jarigai has been used in this type of work. 

Decorative Artistic works have been engaged by Thiru Saminatha Pillai and his sons at Nageswaran North Street, Kumbakonam from their past 4 generations. His artistic works occupied a remarkable place not only in India but also in many parts of foreign countries.

Thanjavur Painting

Thanajavur is famous for a special style of decorating the paintings which were done both on glass and board. In both types, the figures and background are richly embellished with gold leaf and gems as ornaments. The most popular motifs were the Baby Krsiha (Alilai Krishna), Radha Krishna, Rama Pattabisheham and other Gods. This painting is world famous for there traditional art and craft work.

Thanjavur may be considered the heart of Tamil Nadu with a civilization that had reached great eminence under the successive dynasities of chola, Nayak and Maratha Kingdoms in thanjavur. If played important role in attracting talent nad in keeping alive a creative tradition through many centuries. It was also a centre that disseminatedideas and styles. Thanjavur having been a vijayanagar principality during the days of that empire. Telugu kings were patrons to art and literature. Many scholars, pandits, artists and other experts wre migrated to Thajnavur from vijaya nagar kingdom. Besides Andhra contribution , a new addition to Thajavur culture was that made by traditional culture. The religious life of the people  centred round their great temples and in the daily worship festivals and industries.

Thanjavur was also famous for its highly advanced handicraft industries. Describing the city a British Officer Heming Way, Writing in 1906 states Tanjore was known as the home of the fine-arts under the native rulers who lay their patronage attracted to their capital, the produces of most articles of luxury. The Tanjore brass work is deservedly famous and its ornamental pits work and musical instruments are said to be unique. Hemig way also reports. There are still a number of families, who like painting pictures. Thanjavur school of painting may roughly be assigned to such a period in southern India. It can be considered as the final expression of a traditional society before alien culture., indeed some extraneous elements had already introduced into that traditional society but the art itself belonged to an older way of life which had not changed.

The term Thajavur or Tanjore Painting refers to certain styles of painting which reached a characteristic form in the Thajavur area during the Maratha period. The use of the name of the state may be considered arbitrary. Since the style or its sister variations occur also in Mysore and Andra either contemporaneously or perhaps even earlier that in Thajavur itself. They paint on wooden tablets or on cloths made beautifully smoothed with a paste of powder and gum and their drawing is correct and the tints employed astonishingly dedicate and even. But the designs are seemingly to the Hindu Gods or Heros and the finished pictures are grotesquely adorned with sparkling stones or pieces of metal.

Paintings with Photos

Thanjavur painting is dominated by the iconic style. It might not be out of place to consider general nature of icons. The iconic paintings are generally on wooden panels a single sheet of wood of the sack free is preferred. The pictures are called in Tamil “PalagaiPadam”. ie picture on wood. Paintings of this type can also be very large. Sometimes they are on a monumental scale. A sheet of card board is pasted with gum made of Tamarind seed to the wood base. Over the card board, one or two layer of cloths are pasted. The cloth is ten coated with white made of lime. After several coats of white are applied, the surface is smoothened by rubbing with a polished stone or shell. On this prepared surface the drawing is executed  with the brush, the indications of all the details including the places where the gems are to be set.  On the areas where gold or gems are to be placed.

 The gold work on Thajavur painting is of two distinct varieties. The finer work is the application of pure gold leaf to the surface of the painting. This gold leaf is generally of superior quality and retain it brilliance. Gold sheet is pasted on the painting with gum and rubbed with smooth stone. The other principle kinds  is the embossed variety, where the surface of the painting is raised in certain areas and the gold coloured paper is applied to the surface. Traditional Arts Kalaimani T. Venkatesewara Raa Master Craftsman, doing the Temple Art works, Tanjore Picture Painting works, Colour Mirror, handicraft Articles manufacture. East Main Street Thanajvur.

Kodali Karupur Kalamkari Arts

Dr. R. Emberumal , Traditional Karuppur Kalamkari Master, got so many awards. His son Mr. Rajmohan also doing the same Kalamkari Art and Craft Work. Kalamkari, the art of hand-painting and printing on fabric, is native to Andhra Pradesh as temple art, and there are two main centres for it today -- Machilipatnam and Srikalahasti. But there is a third style, called the Karupur Kalamkari, which originated in Thanjavur during the Maratha rule. Essentially using vegetable dyes and depicting scenes from Hindu mythology on cotton, this kalamkari was further embellished with gold brocade work in hand-woven fabric mostly worn as saris and dhotis by the royal family during the period of Raja Serfoji and later Raja Shivaji.
Kalamkari is an elaborate process and each item takes days to finish. The artists prepare the ink from fermented rusted iron, jaggery and fruit powder, then treat the fabric in varying temperatures of water before and after filling in the colours with vegetable dyes. The work needs ample time and concentration Dr. R. Emberumal, Sickkalnayakenpet, Thirupanandal , near Kumbakonam

 

 

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