Thanjavur is the head quarters of chola legacy between the 10th and 14th Centuries and become a centre of the learning and culture. Now, It is the headquarter of the district of the same name Thanjavur District., the "Rice Bowl" of the Tamil Nadu, is also known for its exquisite handicrafts, bronzes and South Indian Musical Instruments and Thanajvur paintings and Thanjavur temple statues. The town of Thanjavur was the Headquarter of the Glorious Chola Empire of Tamilnadu,and later on the Headquarter of the Naicks and the Marathas. The important places are Bragatheeswarar Big temple, Mariammam Temple, Palace, Sivagangai park, Tamil University , manimandapam, South zone Cultural Centre. The cultural value of Thanjavur is Bharatanatyam Quartet, Veena , Paintings, Plates, dancing doll, Karakattam, Urumi melam and so on.
According to a legend Tanjore derived its name from a Gaint named “Thanjan” who once made his home here. Thanjan’s request at the time of death that the city might be named after him, was granted. Thanjavur the Royal city of the Great Cholas, the Nayaks and Marathas which is one of the big town in the state of Tamil nadu and is situated on the main route of the Southern Railways , 350 Kms south of Chennai, it is considered to be one of the oldest town I th country having more than 2000 years of its historical background. It is situated amidst th vast deltaic tract of the Cauvery known as the granary of south India. As the capital of the successive Ancient Hindu Dynasties and in all ages one of the Chief Political, Literary and Religious Centre of South India. The Cholas culture and Art may be called the gift of the Cauvery a glorious heritage which we should feel proud of.